The principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia - for centuries under the suzerainty of the Turkish Ottoman Empire - secured their autonomy in 1856; they were de facto linked in 1859 and formally united in 1862 under the new name of Romania. The country gained recognition of its independence in 1878. It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories - most notably Transylvania - following the conflict. In 1940, Romania allied with the Axis powers and participated in the 1941 German invasion of the USSR. Three years later, overrun by the Soviets, Romania signed an armistice. The post-war Soviet occupation led to the formation of a communist "people's republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The decades-long rule of dictator Nicolae CEAUSESCU, who took power in 1965, and his Securitate police state became increasingly oppressive and draconian through the 1980s. CEAUSESCU was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.
the ICJ ruled largely in favor of Romania in its dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary delimitation; Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea
A visa is a document that enables the holder to report to any Romanian border checkpoint and to require either transit through or a short stay on the Romanian territory. The border checkpoint officers will demand proof that the general conditions of entry and stay on the Romanian territory are met as provided by law. Should those conditions not be met, aliens will not be allowed to enter the Romanian territory, although they might have previously obtained a Romanian visa. According to the provisions of GO 194/2002 concerning the regime of aliens in Romania, republished as subsequently amended, the Romanian visa is granted by Romanian diplomatic and consular missions abroad.
There are other and different types of visas granted to the foreign national when the first enter to romania.
Short-stay and transit visas can be exceptionally granted by border checkpoint officers, at the Romanian border checkpoints, according to the provisions of Council Regulation (EC) 810/2009 of the European Parliament and Council of 13 July 2009 on the issue of establishing a Community Code of Visas (the Visa Code) and of Regulation (EC) no. 562/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council, establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the free movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code) published in the Official Journal of the European Union L/105 of 13 April 2006.
The right of stay on the territory of Romania, granted to aliens under a short-stay visa, cannot be extended.
The purpose of the trip to Romania undertaken by aliens on the basis of a short-stay visa cannot be altered during their stay on the territory of Romania.
The long-stay visa shall only be granted with the approval of the Ministry of Administration and Interior – the Romanian Office for Immigration.Aliens having entered the territory of Romania with a long-stay visa may apply for the extension of the right of temporary residence and obtain a residence permit. The request filed in this respect must be addressed to the Romanian Office for Immigration within the Romanian Ministry of Administration and Interior. All aliens requiring a Romanian visa shall attach to the duly filled-in and signed application form a valid travel document, acknowledged by the state of Romania, to which the visa sticker may applied as well as all the documents required under the law to attest the stated purpose of the trip, the duration of the stay, financial means for the stay, as well as the possibility for the aliens to return to their home country or continue the trip to a third state, upon the end of their stay in Romania. As to the states or territorial authorities that are not acknowledged by Romania, visas shall be granted at request, on uniform forms, regulated by the Government Emergency Ordinance No. 94/2008 on establishing measures regarding the issue of electronic passports and of other travel documents.
Categories of third-country nationals who can apply for Romanian visas:
The time it takes for a Romania visa to be processed may be between 10-14 days working days or longer. The Romania visa processing time depends on the specific case. As such, the Romanian immigration authorities advice that you apply at least 2 weeks before you intend to travel, but not earlier than three months. If you are applying for a long-stay visa, you should apply a minimum of 45 days before you intend to travel
When you submit your visa application at the Romanian consulate or diplomatic mission, you must also pay a non-refundable Romania visa processing fee. The fees for a Romania visa are as follows:
No, Romania is not currently part of the Schengen Area, which ecompasses 26 European countries that have established visa and border control-free travel between them. However Romania, along with Bulgaria, Cyprus, and Croatia, is set to join the Schengen Agreement in the near future. These four countries (Romania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, and Croatia) however, do allow visa holders to travel among them, even if they only have a visa for one of the countries.
The standard list of Romania visa requirements is as follows:
Foreign nationals who want to stay in Romania for up to 90 days for tourism, business, or private visit purposes (among others) need a Romanian short-stay visa. To apply for a Romanian short-stay visa, you need the standard set of documents along with specific documents related to your purpose of travel, such as:
No, since Romania is not part of the Schengen Agreement yet, a Romanian visa does not allow the holder to travel to or enter any country in the Schengen Zone. A Romania visa only allows the holder to enter and stay in Romania or Bulgaria, Cyprus and Croatia, under the conditions of Decision No 565/2014/EU of the European Parliament.
Yes, the Romanian government allows the holder of a valid Schengen visa to enter Romania, provided that the Schengen visa is still valid and has at least two more entries. You can only stay in Romania with a Schengen visa for the time that the visa is issued for or the time you have left. You can also enter Romania if you already have a valid visa that was issued by Bulgaria, Cyprus or Croatia, under the conditions of Decision No 565/2014/EU of the European Parliament.
Foreign nationals who want to travel to Romania for a period longer than 90 days must apply for a Romania long-stay visa. There are different types of Romania long-stay visas, which differ depending on the purpose of travel. However the most common are:
Every foreign national who wants to stay in Romania for longer than 90 days has to apply for a Romania long-stay visa, except EU/EEA and Swiss nationals. This also includes the foreign nationals from countries exempt from holding short-stay visas.
A Romania work visa, also known as a Romanian Employment Visa (D/AM), is issued to foreign nationals who will travel to Romania to take up paid employment in a Romanian company. To get a Romania work visa, you must have a work permit from the Romanian Inspectorate General for Immigration. It is your employer in Romania who applies for a work permit on your behalf.
After you receive a work permit, you may apply for the Romania work visa from your country.
To be eligible for a Romania work visa, you must fall under one of the following categories:
To apply for a Romania work visa, you must have the following:
Anyone who wants to travel to Romania to stay for a period longer than 90 days, has to apply for a Romania long stay visa, except EU/EEA/Swiss nationals.
The Romania Study Visa (D/SD) is issued to foreign nationals who want to travel to Romania to pursue their studies in a Romanian educational institution. Additionally, it is also for researchers, students on exchange programs or educational projects, or participants in an unpaid training program.
To apply for a Romania study visa, you must first obtain authorization to study from the Romanian Ministry of Education.A Romania study visa allows you to work for up to four hours a day (part-time) without having to obtain a separate work permit.
When applying for a Romania study visa, you must have the following documents:
The Romania visa application process is divided into two parts, the online application and in-person application, and it goes as follows:
In order to be allowed to stay in Romania for longer than 90 days, every foreigner has to obtain a Romania residence permit.However, before you apply for a Romanian residence permit, you have to fulfill several requirements. You can only get a residence permit after you are already in Romania, which means there are prerequisites you must go through to travel to Romania in the first place.
Everyone who enters Romania with the purpose of remaining for longer than 90 days has to get a residence permit.Even citizens of a European Union, European Economic Area, or Switzerland need a residence permit, although the process for obtaining it is much more simplified than it is for non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens.
The requirements for obtaining a Romania residence permit change depending on the reason you want to live there.If you have travelled to Romania because you’re obtained a Romania work visa, to receive a residence permit you must submit the following documents:
Yes, you can apply for an extension of your Romanian residence permit. You have to apply for an extension at the local office of the General Inspectorate for Immigration at least three months before expiry of your current permit.The duration of the Romanian residence permit depends on the type.For example, a residence permit for employment A residence permit for family reunification is granted for the same duration as the residence permit of the sponsor. If the sponsor is a Romanian citizen, the residence permit is issued for up to five years. purposes is issued for the duration of the work contract, plus an additional three months. However, it cannot be for longer than three years.A residence permit for studying purposes may be granted for up to a year.A residence permit for family reunification is granted for the same duration as the residence permit of the sponsor. If the sponsor is a Romanian citizen, the residence permit is issued for up to five years.
The processing time of your Romanian long-stay visa depends on several factors, such as the diplomatic mission you’re applying from, your specific circumstances etc. However, you are advised to apply at least 45 days before the time you intend to travel to Romania.The processing time of your Romanian long-stay visa depends on several factors, such as the diplomatic mission you’re applying from, your specific circumstances etc. However, you are advised to apply at least 45 days before the time you intend to travel to Romania.
You can apply for a Romanian long-term residence permit after you have lived in Romania with a temporary residence permit for at least five years. During these five years, you cannot have been outside Romania for longer than six months.
However, not all types of temporary residence permits are eligible to be converted into a long-term residence permit. If you have lived in Romania for one of the following purposes, you cannot apply for a Romanian long-term residence permit, even if you have reached the required minimum of five years:
To get a Romania long-term residence permit, you must first request the right to live in Romania long-term from the General Inspectorate for Immigration in your county. If they approve your request, you must submit the following documents:
Keep in mind:
This is not an exhaustive list of requirements for Romanian residence permits – it is merely a guide. Before applying check for the complete requirements with the Romanian immigration authorities in your place of residence in Romania.
Additionally, you do not need to apply for a Romania short-stay visa (up to 90 days) if you fall under one of the following categories:
You are only allowed to stay in Romania for the remainder of the validity of your current Schengen/Bulgaria/Cyprus/Croatia visa. For example, if your visa was issued for 20 days, and you spend 10 of them elsewhere, you may only spend the remaining 10 in Romania.
After entering the country on a Romania long-stay visa, you have to request permission for an extended stay in the country and apply for a Romanian residence permit.After entering the country on a Romania long-stay visa, you have to request permission for an extended stay in the country and apply for a Romanian residence permit.